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FTM Surgery – Female to Male Surgery

Having been trained in urology, reconstructive urology, and plastic surgery, Dr. Crane understands the complex transformation from female to male from both the urologist and plastic surgeon’s perspective.

Our physicians strongly believe in a personalized approach in assisting their patients to achieve their surgical goals.

For details about the FTM surgery procedures offered by our physicians please click the links below.

FTM Top Surgery

Top Surgery is one of the most common female to male gender confirmation surgeries. Our physicians perform both the double incision and keyhole surgical procedures.  For double incision patients, our physicians do not use drains.  This is safely accomplished by leaving an abundance of lymphatic tissue which allows your own body to reabsorb the fluid that the drains would remove.  With the combination of not using drains and performing intercostal nerve blocks with Lidocaine before starting the procedure, our patients have a dramatic decrease in their post-operative pain.

FTM Bottom Surgery

Patients may pursue a metoidioplasty (meta) or phalloplasty with or without urethral lengthening.


Metoidioplasty is an “FTM bottom surgery” procedure that creates a phallus from the hormonally-enlarged clitoris. Urethroplasty, vaginectomy, and scrotoplasty are optional.

FTM Phalloplasty

Free flap phalloplasty techniques offer optimal sensation and include radial forearm, anterior lateral thigh (ALT) and musculocutaneous latissimus dorsi (MLD) phalloplasty. Urethral lengthening, vaginectomy, scrotoplasty, and penile implant placement are optional.

For genital reconstruction, we follow the World Professional Association of Transgendered Health (WPATH) guidelines and requires two letters of recommendation from mental health professionals, hormonal treatment and a year real-life experience.  Some exceptions are made for patients that transitioned years beforehand and have had legal documents changed reflecting their true gender.

For more information about having female to male (FTM) surgery  with one of our physicians in Austin, TX or San Francisco, CA, please contact us.